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Shaykh ul Islam's Chains of Authority

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His Eminence Shaykh ul Islam, Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri has received a large number of authorities (asanid) and permissions (ijazah) for the transmission of knowledge of hadith, tafsir, fiqh, tasawwuf and other classical Islamic sciences from numerous great pillars of the Muslim world, widely acknowledged as the fountains of Islamic knowledge in the last century back to the classical scholars and great Imams of hadith of the past up to the Holy Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him).

He has more than 300 Chains of Authority contained in two of his own thabats (reference books on his chains of authority):

  • al-Jawahir al-Bahira fi’l Asanid at-Tahira
  • As-Subul al-Wahabiyya fi’l-Asanid adh-Dhahabiyya

The following are some examples of his links to the renowned classical scholars via only one teacher:

  • He is linked to al-Imam Yusuf ibn Isma‘il an-Nabhani directly via only one teacher, his student ash-Shaykh Husayn ibn Ahmad al-‘Usayran (Lebanon).
  • He is linked to al-Imam Imdadu’llah al-Muhajir al-Makki via only one teacher, his vicegerent ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid ‘Abd al-Ma‘bud al-Jilani al-Madani (who died at the age of 165 years).

Shaykh ul Islam is linked to Imam al-Hind ash-Shah Ahmad Rida Khan via only one teacher through three different routes:

  • ash-Shaykh al-Mu‘ammar Diya’ud-Din Ahmad al-Qadri al-Madani
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Abu’l-Barakat Ahmad al-Qadri Alwari
  • ash-Shaykh al-Mu‘ammar as-Sayyid ‘Abd al-Ma‘bud al-Jilani al-Madani

Shaykh ul Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri has gathered together the various fields of classical Islamic knowledge especially the knowledge, and authorities of hadith, from famous centres of Islamic learning across the globe:

1. Authorities of the great Shuyukh of Makka and Madina

  • al-Imam ‘Umar ibn Hamadan al-Mahrasi
  • al-Imam Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Zahir al-Watri
  • al-Imam Ahmad ibn Isma‘il al-Barzanji
  • al-Imam Ahmad Sharif ibn Muhammad as-Sanusi al-Madani
  • al-Imam Ahmad ibn Zayni Dahlan
  • ash-Shaykha Amatu’llah bint al-Imam ‘Abd al-Ghani al-Muhaddith ad-Dihlawi al-Madani

Shaykh ul Islam received the authorities of the above mentioned through:

  • Muhaddith al-Haram ash-Shaykh ‘Alawi ibn ‘Abbas al-Maliki al-Makki (father of ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Muhammad ibn ‘Alawi al-Maliki). (He had sama‘ from him in 1963.)
  • ash-Shaykh al-Mu‘ammar Diya’ud-Din Ahmad al-Qadri al-Madani (died at the age of more than 100 years)
  • ash-Shaykh Husayn ibn Ahmad al-‘Usayran (Lebanon — died at the age of 100 years)
  • ash-Shaykh Dr Farida’d-Din al-Qadri (father of Shaykh ul Islam)

2. Authorities of the great Shuyukh of Baghdad

  • al-Imam ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn ‘Ali an-Naqib al-Baghdadi (Imam al-Awliya’ and Hujjat al-Muhaddithin of his era)
  • al-Imam ‘Abd as-Salam al-Muhaddith al-Afandi al-Baghdadi
  • al-Imam ‘Abd ar-Razzaq al-Bazzaz al-Muhaddith al-Baghdadi back to al-Imam as-Sayyid Mahmud ibn ‘Abdi’llah al-Alusi (author of Tafsir Ruh al-Ma‘ani)

Shaykh ul Islam received the authorities of the above mentioned through:

  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Tahir ‘Ala’ud-Din al-Jilani al-Baghdadi al-Afandi
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid ‘Alawi ibn ‘Abbas al-Maliki al-Makki
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid ‘Abd al-Ma‘bud al-Jilani al-Madani
  • ash-Shaykh Dr Farida’d-Din al-Qadri

3. Authorities of the great Shuyukh of ash-Sham (Syria)

  • Muhaddith ash-Sham al-Imam Muhammad ibn Ja‘far al-Kittani
  • Muhaddith ash-Sham al-Imam Muhammad Badra’d-Din ibn Yusuf al-Hasani
  • al-Imam ‘Abd al-Hayy ibn ‘Abd al-Kabir al-Muhaddith al-Kittani
  • al-Imam Abu’l-Makarim Muhammad Amin as-Suwayd ad-Dimashqi

Shaykh ul Islam received the authorities of the above mentioned through:

  • ash-Shaykh Husayn ibn Ahmad al-‘Usayran (Lebanon)
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Muhammad al-Fatih ibn Muhammad al-Makki al-Kittani (Damascus)
  • ash-Shaykh Dr Farid a’d-Din al-Qadri

4. Authorities of the great Shuyukh of Lebanon and Tarabulus

  • al-Imam Yusuf ibn Isma‘il an-Nabhani (Imam al-Muhaddithin of the last century)
  • al-Imam ‘Abd al-Qadir ash-Shalabi at-Tarabulusi
  • al-Imam Hasan ‘Uwaydan al-Fayturi al-Tarabulusi

Shaykh ul Islam received the authorities of the above mentioned through:

  • ash-Shaykh Husayn ibn Ahmad al-‘Usayran (Lebanon)
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Muhammad al-Fatih ibn Muhammad al-Makki al-Kittani (Damascus)
  • ash-Shaykh Dr Farid a’d-Din al-Qadri

5. Authorities of the great Shuyukh of al-Maghrib and ash-Shanqit (Mauritania):

  • al-Imam Abu ‘Abdi’llah Muhammad ibn Mustafa Ma’ul ‘Aynayn ash-Shanqiti
  • al-Imam Muhammad Habibu’llah ash-Shanqiti
  • al-Imam Muhammad al-‘Arabi ibn Muhammad al-Azizi al-Fasi
  • al-Imam ‘Abdu’llah ibn Siddiq al-Ghimari al-Maghribi

Shaykh ul Islam received the authorities of the above mentioned through:

  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid ‘Alawi ibn ‘Abbas al-Maliki al-Makki
  • ash-Shaykh Husayn ibn Ahmad al-‘Usayran (Lebanon)
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Muhammad al-Fatih ibn Muhammad al-Makki al-Kittani
  • ash-Shaykh Dr Farid a’d-Din al-Qadri

6. Authorities of the great Shuyukh of Yemen:

  • ash-Shaykh al-Habib Hamza ibn ‘Umar al-‘Aydarus al-Habashi
  • ash-Shaykh al-Habib ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman al-Habashi
  • ash-Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir ibn Ahmad as-Saqaf
  • ash-Shaykh ‘Abdu’llah ibn Ahmad al-Haddad
  • ash-Shaykh Hasan ibn Ahmad al-Ahdal al-Yamani
  • ash-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Ahdal al-Yamani
  • ash-Shaykh Isma‘il al-Yamani (author of Nafas ar-Rahman)

Shaykh ul Islam received the authorities of the above mentioned through:

  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid ‘Alawi ibn ‘Abbas al-Maliki al-Makki
  • ash-Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Alawi al-Maliki al-Makki
  • ash-Shaykh Dr Farid a’d-Din al-Qadri

7. Authorities of the great Shuyukh of al-Hind (India and Pakistan):

  • Imam al-Hind ash-Shah Ahmad Rida Khan
  • Abu’l-Hasanat al-Imam ‘Abd al-Hayy ibn ‘Abd al-Halim al-Muhaddith al-Laknawi (Faqih al-Hind and Shaykh of Arab and non-Arab)
  • al-Imam ‘Abd al-Baqi ibn ‘Ali al-Ansari al-Muhaddith al-Laknawi al-Madani (up to al-Imam Shah Waliyyu’llah al-Muhaddith ad-Dihlawi)
  • ash-Shaykh ‘Abd al-Hadi ibn ‘Ali al-Ansari al-Muhaddith al-Laknawi
  • al-Imam al-Muhaddith al-Musnid Irshad Husayn Rampuri
  • al-Imam ash-Shah Imdadu’llah al-Muhajir al-Makki (a great saint and shaykh of Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanwi, Mawlana Rashid Ahmad Ganguhi, Mawlana Muhammad Qasim Nanutwi and others)
  • Muhaqqiq al-Hind al-Imam Fadl al-Haqq al-Khayrabadi
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Didar ‘Ali ash-Shah al-Muhaddith Alwari
  • Muhaddith al-Hind ash-Shaykh Muhammad Anwar ash-Shah al-Kashmiri (author of Fayd al-Bari)
  • Muhaddith al-Hind ash-Shaykh Ahmad ‘Ali Saharanpuri
  • ash-Shaykh ‘Abd ash-Shukur al-Muhaddith al-Muhajir al-Madani
  • ash-Shaykh Badr al-‘Alam Mirathi

Shaykh ul Islam received the authorities of the above mentioned through:

  • ash-Shaykh al-Mu‘ammar Diya’a‘d-Din Ahmad al-Madani (he died at the age of over 100 years)
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid ‘Abd al-Ma‘bud al-Jilani al-Madani (he died at the age of 165 years)
  • al-Muhaddith al-A‘zam ash-Shaykh Sardar Ahmad al-Qadri (Faisalabad)
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Abu’l-Barakat al-Muhaddith Alwari (Lahore)
  • ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Ahmad Sa‘id al-Kazimi Amruhi (Multan)
  • ash-Shaykh Dr Farid a’d-Din al-Qadri
  • ash-Shaykh ‘Abd ar-Rashid ibn Qutba’d-Din al-Qadri ar-Ridawi
  • ash-Shaykh Dr Burhan Ahmad al-Faruqi

8. An unprecedented chain of authority:

Finally, the most unprecedented, unique, highly blessed and honoured chain of authority that his Eminence Shaykh ul Islam possesses is through only four Shuyukh between Shaykh ul Islam and the great Imams listed below:

  • Sayyiduna ‘Abd ar-Razzaq ibn Sayyiduna al-Ghawth al-A‘zam ash-Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani al-Hasani al-Husayni (Baghdad)
  • al-Imam ash-Shaykh al-Akbar Muhya’d-Din ibn al-‘Arabi (author of al-Futuhat al-Makkiyya) (Damascus)
  • al-Imam Ibn al-Hajar al-‘Asqalani, the greatest authority on hadith (Egypt)

His Eminence Shaykh ul Islam’s continuous chain of authority (isnad) up to the above mentioned great Imams is as under:

  • Shaykh ul Islam narrates (with direct permission and authority) from ash-Shaykh Husayn ibn Ahmad al-‘Usayran (Lebanon).
  • He narrates from ash-Shaykh ‘Abd al-Hayy ibn ash-Shaykh ‘Abd al-Kabir al-Kittani.
  • He narrates from ash-Shaykh al-Mu‘ammar ‘Abd al-Hadi ibn al-‘Arabi al-‘Awwad.
  • He narrates from al-Imam as-Sayyid ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Hafid al-Habashi. He was born in 581 (hegira) and died in 1276 (hegira) and lived up to 695 years. He directly studied under and narrated from al-Imam ‘Abd ar-Razzaq al-Jilani ibn Sayyiduna Ghawth al-‘Azam al-Jilani at Baghdad, from al-Imam ash-Shaykh al-Akbar Muhya’d-Din ibn al-‘Arabi at Damascus and from al-Imam ibn al-Hajar al-‘Asqalani at Egypt. (Imam ‘Abd al-Hayy al-Kittani, Fahras al-Faharis wa’l-Athbat, vol. 2, p. 928).

His Eminence Shaykh ul Islam has received the same authority and ijazat of transmission from another chain:

  • His Eminence narrates from ash-Shaykh Husayn ibn Ahmad al-‘Usayran.
  • He narrates from ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Ahmad ibn Muhammad as-Sanusi al-Madani.
  • He narrates from ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Muhammad ibn Muhammad as-Sanusi.
  • He narrates from ash-Shaykh as-Sayyid Muhammad ibn ‘Ali as-Sanusi.
  • He narrates from al-Imam ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Hafid al-Habashi who received from all of the above mentioned three great Imams.